International Day of Persons with Disabilities 国际残障日

December 2, 2016 – 3:21 pm

International Day of Persons with Disabilities

December 3, 2016 – The theme for this year’s International Day is “Achieving 17 Goals for the Future We Want”. This theme notes the recent adoption of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the role of these goals in building a more inclusive and equitable world for persons with disabilities.

Since 1992, the annual observance of the International Day of Persons with Disabilities (IDPD) aims to promote an understanding of disability issues and mobilize support for the dignity, rights and well-being of persons with disabilities. It also seeks to increase awareness of gains to be derived from the integration of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life.

Observance of the 2016 IDPD coincides with the 10-year anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – one of the most quickly and widely ratified international treaties put forth by the United Nations to date. The Day will take stock of progress since the Convention’s adoption in 2006 and will reflect on the 166 ratifications it has earned thus far. Events at the IDPD 2016 will emphasize efforts toward universal ratification of the CRPD, ideas for the continued advancement of the goals of the convention, and reflection on the challenges that remain toward the full realization of the CRPD’s goals.

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123國際身心障礙者日(International Day of Disabled Persons)
自宣布1981 年為「國際身心障礙者年」後,聯合國大會更於1992 年10 月通過,宣告每年的12 月3 日為「國際身心障礙者日」
,做為「聯合國身心障礙者十年計畫」(1983~1992 年)完結的標記。

為了保障身障者的基本人權,每年的12月3日為「國際身心障礙者日」(International Day of Disabled Persons),鼓勵社會大眾在這一天針對身障議題做討論、各國政府也應在這一天舉辦相關慶祝活動,宣導屬於身心障礙者的權益和措施。

2008年聯合國所通過的「身心障礙者權利公約」(The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities)也強調,各國政府除了應透過各種方式保障國內身障者人權外,也需舉辦各種形式的活動,增加社會大眾對身障者人權的尊重與重視。

「國際身心障礙者日」的慶祝活動應有以下的特徵:

身心障礙者及其組織的參與。

表揚其經驗和專業。

喚起對身心障礙問題的重視。

促進身心障礙者的人權。

至於「國際身心障礙者日」的長期目標則為:

確保身心障礙者完全參與社區生活。

提供身心障礙者公平均等的機會。

確保身心障礙者對於影響其生活的政策與措施,能充分表達意見。

保障身心障礙者的基本權利。

為了達成以上的目標,各國政府及民間團體均應致力於營造有利於身心障礙者的環境:

復健:配合需要,以確保其自立與參與。

無障礙:讓住宅、新舊公共建築物成為無障礙空間。

交通:讓所有的使用者都無障礙。

教育:提供整合的教育環境,給予各種協助。

雇用:有被雇用的機會而且獲得同等的待遇。

資訊:從各種媒體獲得有用的資訊。

影響力:有能力影響相關的政策和措施。

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